BRAND NAMES
- International: Antabus, Antabuse
- Brazil: Antietanol, Sarcoton
- France: Esperal
- Italy: Antabuse, Etiltox
 MECHANISM OF ACTION
Disulfiram interferes with the normal metabolic degradation of alcohol in the body, resulting in an increased concentration of acetaldehyde in the blood. Accumulation of acetaldehyde in the blood produces a complex of highly unpleasant symptoms within about 10 minutes following alcohol intake. These symptoms are accompanied by pronounced discomfort and persist until the alcohol is eliminated. Reactions to alcohol may occur up to 14 days following withdrawal of disulfiram.
The marked unpleasantness of an Disulfiram-alcohol reaction acts as a form of aversion treatment. Consequently, the regular administration of Disulfiram permits the effective treatment of chronic alcoholics as outpatients.
As an adjunct in the treatment of chronic alcoholism.