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[edit] Side effects

Very common side effects

  • Weight gain (water retention, increased appetite, increase in body fat.
  • Mood swings

Common side effects when taken for more than a few weeks: In people who take corticosteroids continuously for more than a few weeks:

  • Mild weakness in the muscles of arms or legs
  • Blurred vision
  • Hair growth
  • Easy bruising of the skin
  • Slow healing of cuts and wounds
  • Acne
  • Round face
  • Slowed growth in children and adolescents
  • Osteoporosis (loss of bone calcium), especially in women, people with chronic kidney disease, those with a history of osteoporosis in the family, people who smoke, and people who are not physically active

Occasional side effects when taken for months at moderate to high doses

  • High blood pressure
  • Elevated blood sugar
  • Red or purple stretch marks on the skin
  • Stomach irritation or stomach ulcers.

Less common side effects

  • Blurred vision from cataracts
  • Glaucoma
  • Fractures due to osteoporosis
  • Osteonecrosis
  • Severe weakness of the muscles (myopathy)
  • Psychosis (disturbance of thinking)
  • infections due to suppression of the immune system