Cilazapril

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Contents

[edit] BRAND NAMES

[edit] STRUCTURE

Cilazapril.jpg

[edit] MECHANISM OF ACTION

[edit] INDICATIONS

Cilazapril is indicated in the treatment of mild to moderate essential hypertension. Cilazapril may be used alone or in combination with thiazide-type diuretics (Inhibace plus). Cilazapril should normally be used in those patients in whom treatment with a diuretic or a beta-blocker was found ineffective or has been associated with unacceptable adverse effects. Cilazapril can also be tried as an initial agent in those patients in whom use of diuretics and/or beta-blockers is contraindicated.

Cilazapril is also indicated in the treatment of congestive heart failure as an adjunctive therapy with digitalis and/or diuretics.

[edit] DOSAGE

In elderly patients with congestive heart failure on high diuretic dosage, the recommended starting dose of Cilazapril 0.5 mg must be strictly followed

[edit] CONTRAINDICATIONS

  • Patients who are hypersensitive to cilazapril or other ACE inhibitors.
  • Patients with a history of angioedema associated with previous angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor therapy, and with hereditary or idiopathic angioedema.
  • Patients with ascites.
  • Pregnancy and lactation
  • Coadministration of aliskiren in patients with diabetes (type 1 or type 2).
  • Coadministration of aliskiren in patients with moderate to severe renal impairment (GFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2)

[edit] WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

Angioedema : Angioedema has been reported in patients treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors including Cilazapril. Angioedema has been associated with ACE inhibitors, with a reported incidence of 0.1-0.5%. Angioedema due to ACE inhibitors can present as recurrent episodes of facial swelling, which resolve on withdrawal, or as acute oropharyngeal edema and potentially life-threatening airway obstruction, which requires emergency treatment. Angioedema associated with laryngeal edema and/or shock may be fatal. If angioedema occurs, Cilazapril should be promptly discontinued and appropriate therapy instituted without delay. A variant form is angioedema of the intestine, which tends to occur within the first 24-48 hours of treatment.
Patients with a history of angioedema unrelated to ACE inhibitor therapy may be at an increased risk of angioedema while receiving an ACE inhibitor.

[edit] INTERACTIONS

[edit] PREGNANCY AND LACTATION

Cilazapril is contraindicated during pregnancy . When used in pregnancy, ACE inhibitors can cause injury or even death of the developing fetus. Pregnant women should be informed of the potential hazards to the fetus and must not take Cilazapril during pregnancy.
Patients planning pregnancy should be changed to alternative antihypertensive treatments which have an established safety profile for use in pregnancy. When pregnancy is detected, Cilazapril should be discontinued as soon as possible and, if appropriate, alternative therapy should be started.

[edit] SIDE EFFECTS

[edit] RELATED LINKS

ACE INHIBITORS: Mechanism of Action, Indications and Side Effects

[edit] REFERENCES

Antihypertensives
ACE inhibitors Benazepril (Lotensin)   Captopril (Capoten)   Cilazapril   Delapril   Enalapril (Renitec, Vasotec)   Fosinopril (Monopril)  Lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril)   Moexipril (Univasc)  Perindopril (Aceon)  Quinapril (Accupril)  Ramipril (Altace, Triatec)   Trandolapril (Mavik)  Zofenopril (Bifril, Zopranol)
Angiotensin II receptor antagonist Azilsartan (Edarbi)   Candesartan (Atacand)   Eprosartan (Teveten)   Irbesartan (Aprovel, Avapro, Karvea)   Losartan (Cozaar)   Olmesartan (Benicar, Olmetec)   Telmisartan (Micadis)   Valsartan (Diovan, Tareg)
Renin inhibitors Aliskiren (Rasilez, Tekturna)
Alpha-1 blockers Doxazosin (Cardura)   Prazosin (Minipress)   Terazosin (Hytrin)
Alpha-2 agonists (centrally acting) Clonidine (Oral route)   Clonidine (Transdermal) (Catapresan)   Guanfacine (Tenex)   Methyldopa (Aldomet)
Calcium channel blockers Dihydropyridines‎ Amlodipine (Norvasc)   Barnidipine (Vasexten)   Felodipine (Plendil)   Isradipine (Dynacirc)   Lacidipine (Lacipil, Motens)   Lercanidipine (Zanidip)   Manidipine   Nicardipine   Nifedipine (Adalat)   Nisoldipine   Nitrendipine
Benzothiazepine‎ Diltiazem (Cardizem, Taztia XT, Tiazac, Tildiem)
Phenylalkylamine‎ Gallopamil   Verapamil (Calan)
Beta blockers Beta1 selective (cardioselective) Acebutolol (Sectral)   Atenolol (Tenormin)   Betaxolol (Kerlon)   Bisoprolol (Concor)   Celiprolol (Cordiax)   Metoprolol (Betaloc, Lopressor, Toprol-XL)   Nebivolol (Bystolic, Lobivon, Nebilox)
Nonselective (Beta1 and Beta2 blockers) Oxprenolol (Trasitensin)   Propranolol (Inderal)   Timolol (Blocadren)
Nonselective (Beta1, Beta2 and Alpha1 blockers) Carvedilol (Dilatrend)   Labetalol (Trandate)
Beta blocker with intrinsic sympathomimetic activity (ISA) Acebutolol (Sectral)   Celiprolol (Cordiax)
Lipophilic Beta blockers Propranolol (Inderal)   Metoprolol (Betaloc, Lopressor, Toprol-XL)   Oxprenolol (Trasitensin)
Diuretics Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors Acetazolamide (Diamox)
Loop diuretics Bumetanide   Etacrynic acid   Furosemide (Lasix)   Piretanide   Torasemide (Demadex)
Thiazide diuretics Chlorothiazide (Diuril)   Hydrochlorothiazide (Esidrex)
Thiazide-like diuretics Chlortalidone (Hygroton)   Indapamide (Lozol, Lozide)   Metolazone
Potassium-sparing diuretics Epithelial sodium channel blockers: Amiloride (Midamor)   Triamterene (Dyrenium)
Aldosterone receptor antagonists: Potassium canrenoate   Eplerenone (Inspra)   Spironolactone (Aldactone)
Osmotic diuretics Mannitol
Combination therapy Amiloride/Hydrochlorothiazide (Moduretic)   Spironolactone/Hydrochlorothiazide (Aldactazide)