Minoxidil

From Drugs Prescribing Information
(Redirected from Alopexy)
Jump to: navigation, search

Contents

[edit] BRAND NAMES

[edit] STRUCTURE

Minoxidil.jpg

[edit] MECHANISM OF ACTION

Although the method of action is essentially unknown, minoxidil appears to lengthen the duration of the anagen phase, and it may increase the blood supply to the follicle. Regrowth is more pronounced at the vertex than in the frontal areas and is not noted for at least 4 months. Continuing topical treatment with the drug is necessary indefinitely because discontinuation of treatment produces a rapid reversion to the pretreatment balding pattern.

[edit] INDICATIONS

2% and 5% strengths: Treatment of hair loss in men aged 18-65 years, in cases of androgenetic alopecia only, which is usually genetic. Patients who respond best to this drug are those who have a recent onset of androgenetic alopecia and small areas of hair loss.

2% may be used by women also.

[edit] DOSAGE

5% solution: The maximal daily dose is 2 ml: 1 ml in the morning and 1 ml in the evening. Hair and scalp should be totally dry prior to application.

The use of the product is not intended to be for a limited period but for long term, and the preparation should be used for at least 4-6 months. . Discontinuation of treatment may cause renewal of alopecia process.

[edit] CONTRAINDICATIONS

  • The 5% preparation should not be used in women
  • Do not use on other parts of the body, except the scalp.
  • Pregnancy and breastfeeding
  • Sudden hair loss or hair loss due to illness or medicinal treatment

[edit] PRECAUTIONS

  • Do not use on inflamed, irritated and/ or red scalp

[edit] INTERACTIONS

[edit] PREGNANCY AND LACTATION

[edit] SIDE EFFECTS

Burning, stinging, or redness at the application site may occur.

Rarely, topical minoxidil can be absorbed through the skin and cause side effects. Stop using this medication and tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: unwanted facial/body hair, dizziness, fast/irregular heartbeat, fainting, chest pain, swelling of hands/feet, unusual weight gain, tiredness, difficulty breathing especially when lying down.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

[edit] RELATED LINKS

[edit] BIBLIOGRAPHY

[edit] REFERENCES